Education is key when it comes to taking power over your own health and wellness. When you need support, knowing more about how your body works will help you ask the right questions and understand the answers from your medical or wellness team. I look at the role movement can play in your health, wellness and recovery to full and optimal function. The articles are not meant to take the place of medical advice and should not be used as such.
Let's clear up some misconceptions about bunions!
Let’s talk about Bunions! Many people have them, but few understand them.
Here are three common bunion myths:
Myth #1: Bunions are genetic.
A lot of people find it hard to believe that bunions are not genetic. “After all,” they say “my feet look exactly like my mother’s feet, and her feet look exactly like her mother’s feet! How can it not be genetic?”
Indeed, you did inherit something from your family line, but it was not the bunion itself.
Bunions result from faulty mechanics that produce excessive load to the part of the foot where the bunion forms. What was passed down to you was your bones – how long they are, how wide they are, and their shape. Depending on the shape of the bones, you may favor a particular gait pattern that results in excessive loads to this area, but it's also likely that the gait pattern was learned.
Much as we pick up speech patterns and accents from those around us as we grow up, our movement habits are patterned on those around us.
Myth #2: You need good sturdy supportive shoes (and orthotics) if you have bunions.
Your mother also probably chose your shoes for most of your childhood.
Shoes are also associated with the formation of bunions, particularly if they are tight, have small or pointed toe boxes, and have heels. The sturdier or stiffer the shoe, the less the foot has to do, and the weaker and weaker the muscles in the foot become.
Most people who have bunions also have weak, excessively pronated (flat) feet and are prescribed orthotics. This is doing the job that the muscles of the foot should be doing, and by stripping them of this duty you are condemning them to a continuing cycle of failure that over time will require more and more help.
Foot muscles are like any other muscle in the body – you can strengthen them to support your arches and move your foot joints!
Myth #3: A bunion is a growth and you can’t do anything about it but surgery.
Bunions are a displacement of bones – the long bone in the foot that is associated with the big toe starts to slide sideways, and what should be straight under the toe, starts to stick out the side of the foot.
The “bump” is the head, or end, of this bone, called a metatarsal. It’s the “knuckle of the foot.”
Sometimes there are changes to the shape and density of this bone because it is under more load that it should be, so there are adaptive changes that occur to it over time. Even the joint surfaces can change!
Several joints and the mechanics of many muscles are affected, but a bunion is not a growth on the side of your foot to be removed.
Even if you elect to have surgery the mechanics that created the problem in the first place should be addressed or it may return.
I’ve been able to straighten my feet, alleviate pain, correct my mechanics and arrest the further development of bunions simply by exercises, corrective alignment, and better shoe choices.
Bonus Myth: My feet are fine other than the bunions…
Bunions are not an isolated problem - they are a whole-body problem. Specifically the mechanics and function of the hips down should be addressed in any protocol that addresses bunions.
People who have bunions have faulty foot and gait patterns. They may also have associated issues such as excessive pronation (flat arches), hammertoes, tailor’s bunions (baby toe bunion), neuromas, corns, bursitis, partial or full loss of range of motion in the big toe.
You can target a lot of problems by working the muscles of the feet!
You can access my two hour Bunion Course by following this link which will take you off site to another website "Healthy Moving" which is the host site for this course.